Versão em português
N.º 8
2008
pp. 29-38

 

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Article
From Vitruvius' ceramic powder additives to modern restoration

Mário Mendonça de Oliveira

Doctor/Professor, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador (DCTM/PPG-AU), State of Bahia, Brazil

mmo@ufba.br

Abstract

The text aims at giving a general view of the use of lime mortars additivated with ceramic powder taking advantage of its pozzolanic reactions. It emphasizes the main explicit references of this technique in the ancient writers, starting from Vitruvius and going through important theoreticians of the Renaissance, until it reaches the military engineers of the XVII e XVIII centuries, particularly the Portuguese engineers who had a strong influence in the overseas constructions techniques. Some mistakes in the interpretation of these texts regarding the properties attributed to the addition of ceramic powder in lime mortars are also mentioned. The continuation of the work refers to the description and commentaries of the tests and laboratory observations carried out on the additivated mortars in question. Among these are highlighted the hardening time, the mechanical resistance (axial compression and traction by diametral compression), water absorption by capillary uptake, total water porosity, accelerated aging in saturated solution of Na2SO4, loss on ignition x-rays fluorescence, permeability to water vapor and other procedures that contribute to the evaluation of the behavior of lime mortars additivated with the "cocciopesto" and of the pozzolanic reactions occurring in the material. As the theory would have no sense if it is not necessarily put in practice, the work ends with the description of the application of the mortar additivated with ceramic powder in a concrete case of restoration, with the description of the obtained results.

Keywords

Ceramic powder pozzolanas
Additivated mortars
Mortars for restoration

Language

English

DOI

10.14568/cp8_5

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Citation

Conservar Património | APA | Chicago | NP405 | ABNT

Conservar Património:
Oliveira, M. M., 'From Vitruvius' ceramic powder additives to modern restoration', Conservar Património 8 (2008) 29-38, https://doi.org/10.14568/cp8_5.

APA:
Oliveira, M. M. (2008). From Vitruvius' ceramic powder additives to modern restoration. Conservar Património, 8 29-38. DOI:10.14568/cp8_5.

Chicago:
Oliveira, Mário Mendonça de. 2008. "From Vitruvius' ceramic powder additives to modern restoration." Conservar Património 8:29-38. doi:10.14568/cp8_5.

NP405:
OLIVEIRA, Mário Mendonça de – From Vitruvius' ceramic powder additives to modern restoration. Conservar Património. [Em linha]. 8 (2008) 29-38 [Consult. ]. Disponível em WWW: <URL:https://doi.org/10.14568/cp8_5>. ISSN 21829942.

ABNT:
OLIVEIRA, Mário Mendonça de. From Vitruvius' ceramic powder additives to modern restoration. Conservar Património, Lisboa, v. 8, p. 29-38, 2008. Disponível em: <https://doi.org/10.14568/cp8_5>. Acesso em: .

History

Online: 2017-10-3
Publication: 2009-8-10

References

1 Vitruvius Pollio, M.., On Architecture, translation by F. Granger, William Heinemann, London (1962).

2 Plinius, Natural History, vol. 10, translation by D. E. Eichholz, William Heinemann, London (1962).

3 Martin, R., Manuel d'Architecture Grecque, vol. 1, A. & J. Picard, Paris (1965).

4 Carreira, E., Estudos de iconografia medieval - O caderno de Villard de Honnecourt arquiteto do Século XIII, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília (1997).

5 Alberti, L. B., De re ædificatoria (L'Architettura), vol. 1, translation by G. Orlandi, , Il Polifilo, Milano (1966).

6 Cataneo, P., I Quattro primi libri di Architettura, Figliuoli di Aldo,Vinegia [sic] (1554). Facsimile by The Gregg Press Incorporated (1964).

7 Scamozzi, V., Dell'Idea della Architettura Universale, vol. 2, Presso l'autore, Venetia (1615). Facsimile by Arnaldo Forni Editore (1982).

8 Ville, C. A., Les fortifications du Chevalier Antoine de Ville, Chez Philippe Borde, Lyon (1640).

9 Fortes, M. A., O engenheiro português, vol. 2, Manoel Fernandes da Costa, Lisboa (1729).

10 Itamaraty Archives,Report and recommendations by Frias da Mesquita to the fortress of the Three Wise Kings, in Rio Grande do Norte, dated from 1619/11/01.

11 Oliveira, M. M., Arquitetura Militar ou Fortificação Moderna escrito por Diogo da Sylveyra Vellozo, PPG-AU/EDUFBA, Salvador (2005).

12 Arcolao, C., Le ricette del restauro, 2nd ed., Marsilio, Venezia (2001).

13 Nappi, S.; Meyer, T., 'Influência da granulometria do pó de tijolo nas características de uma argamassa à base de cal para utilização em obras de restauro', in. Seminário Tiradentes, sobre a Conservação e Preservação do Patrimônio Histórico, Tiradentes, Minas Gerais (2003) 21-24.

14 Silva, J.; Brito, J.; Veiga, M. R., 'Pozolanicidade do pó de tijolo: Uma propriedade a potenciar', Pedra & Cal 32 (2006) 7-10.

15 Brandi, C., Teoria del restauro, Einaudi, Torino (1977).

Stable url: https://doi.org/10.14568/cp8_5


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