Versão em português
N.º 35
2020
pp. 85-100

 

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Article
Plastics that made history - the contribution of conservation science for the history of the Portuguese Plastics Industry

Susana França de Sá1,, Sara Marques da Cruz2, Maria Elvira Callapez2, Vânia Carvalho3

1 Department of Conservation and Restoration and LAQV-REQUIMTE, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Campus da Caparica, 2829-516, Caparica, Portugal

2 Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal

3 Museu de Leiria, Câmara Municipal de Leiria, Largo da República, 2414-006 Leiria, Portugal

* susana.sa@fct.unl.pt

Abstract

The plastic objects from our cultural heritage are material testimonies of our history, technology and industry. Still, in Portugal, there is no museum of plastics, and the collections are spread through private collectors and industries. The research project, 'The Triumph of Bakelite - Contributions to a History of Plastics in Portugal', aims at creating this museum. To this end, the research work gave rise to the exhibition, 'Plasticity - A History of Plastics in Portugal', in Museu de Leiria in 2019. This study focuses on the contribution of conservation science for the writing of this history and preparation of ca. 150 historical plastic objects for display. Bakelite, melamine, polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene and plasticized polyvinyl chloride are just a few examples of the polymers identified by infrared spectroscopy. This identification was crucial to tell the history of the plastics industry in Portugal. Both the spectra and characteristic absorption bands of each polymer are presented.

Keywords

Historical plastics
Portuguese Industry
History of technology
Infrared spectroscopy
Conservation and restoration

Language

English

DOI

10.14568/cp2019017

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Citation

Conservar Património | APA | Chicago | NP405 | ABNT

Conservar Património:
França de Sá, S.; Cruz, S. M.; Callapez, M. E.; Carvalho, V., 'Plastics that made history - the contribution of conservation science for the history of the Portuguese Plastics Industry', Conservar Património 35 (2020) 85-100, https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2019017.

APA:
França de Sá, S., Cruz, S. M., Callapez, M. E., & Carvalho, V. (2020). Plastics that made history - the contribution of conservation science for the history of the Portuguese Plastics Industry. Conservar Património, 35 85-100. DOI:10.14568/cp2019017.

Chicago:
França de Sá, Susana, Sara Marques da Cruz, Maria Elvira Callapez, and Vânia Carvalho. 2020. "Plastics that made history - the contribution of conservation science for the history of the Portuguese Plastics Industry." Conservar Património 35:85-100. doi:10.14568/cp2019017.

NP405:
FRANÇA DE SÁ, Susana [et al.] – Plastics that made history - the contribution of conservation science for the history of the Portuguese Plastics Industry. Conservar Património. [Em linha]. 35 (2020) 85-100 [Consult. ]. Disponível em WWW: <URL:https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2019017>. ISSN 21829942.

ABNT:
FRANÇA DE SÁ, Susana et al. Plastics that made history - the contribution of conservation science for the history of the Portuguese Plastics Industry. Conservar Património, Lisboa, v. 35, p. 85-100, 2020. Disponível em: <https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2019017>. Acesso em: .

History

Received: 2019-6-17
Revised: 2019-11-18
Accepted: 2020-1-6
Online: 2020-5-13

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Stable url: https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2019017

ARP | Associação Profissional de Conservadores-Restauradores de Portugal