Versão em português
N.º 30
2019
pp. 91-105

 

< Previous Next >

Article
The importance of long-term hygrothermal assessment of museum spaces: method and application in a permanent exhibition in a historical building

Luísa Dias Pereira1,, Adélio Rodrigues Gaspar1 , José Joaquim Costa1 , Gilberto Pereira2 

1 ADAI, LAETA, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra, Rua Luís Reis dos Santos, 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal

2 MCUC, Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra / Centro de Física da Universidade de Coimbra, Largo Marquês de Pombal, 3000-272 Coimbra, Portugal

* luisa.pereira@uc.pt

Abstract

This paper presents the analysis of the hygrothermal conditions of a museum space hosted in an 18th century building, in Coimbra (Portugal). This historical building, which houses the Science Museum of the University of Coimbra, is located in the historic centre of the University of Coimbra, officially declared a World Heritage Site in 2013 by UNESCO. The methodology proposed in EN 15757:2010 was applied to two monitoring campaigns carried out at a distance of 4 years, in two of the rooms of the permanent exhibition. The results of the monitoring periods are presented and discussed. The findings unveil the necessity for long-term monitoring of the indoor environmental conditions of museum spaces, towards the support of grounded based-evidence guidelines for the conservation of objects and quality of environment for exhibits conservation.

Keywords

Microclimate
Preventive conservation
Hygrothermal assessment
Building Heritage

Language

English

DOI

10.14568/cp2018005

Download

PDF

Download citation

RIS | Endnote

Citation

Conservar Património | APA | Chicago | NP405 | ABNT

Conservar Património:
Pereira, L. D.; Gaspar, A. R.; Costa, J. J.; Pereira, G., 'The importance of long-term hygrothermal assessment of museum spaces: method and application in a permanent exhibition in a historical building', Conservar Património 30 (2019) 91-105, https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2018005.

APA:
Pereira, L. D., Gaspar, A. R., Costa, J. J., & Pereira, G. (2019). The importance of long-term hygrothermal assessment of museum spaces: method and application in a permanent exhibition in a historical building. Conservar Património, 30 91-105. DOI:10.14568/cp2018005.

Chicago:
Pereira, Luísa Dias, Adélio Rodrigues Gaspar, José Joaquim Costa, and Gilberto Pereira. 2019. "The importance of long-term hygrothermal assessment of museum spaces: method and application in a permanent exhibition in a historical building." Conservar Património 30:91-105. doi:10.14568/cp2018005.

NP405:
PEREIRA, Luísa Dias [et al.] – The importance of long-term hygrothermal assessment of museum spaces: method and application in a permanent exhibition in a historical building. Conservar Património. [Em linha]. 30 (2019) 91-105 [Consult. ]. Disponível em WWW: <URL:https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2018005>. ISSN 21829942.

ABNT:
PEREIRA, Luísa Dias et al. The importance of long-term hygrothermal assessment of museum spaces: method and application in a permanent exhibition in a historical building. Conservar Património, Lisboa, v. 30, p. 91-105, 2019. Disponível em: <https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2018005>. Acesso em: .

History

Received: 2018-2-28
Revised: 2018-5-21
Accepted: 2018-6-12
Online: 2018-7-10
Publication: 2019-1-10

References

1 Smith, A.; Goodhue, R.; Bioletti, S., 'Monitoring Deposited Dust in The Old Library, Trinity College Dublin', International Preservation News 53 (2011) 19-23, http://hdl.handle.net/2262/57312.

2 Ryhl-Svendsen, M.; Padfield, T.; Smith, V. A.; De Santis, F., 'The indoor climate in historic buildings without mechanical ventilation systems' in Healthy Buildings - Proceedings 7th International Conference, vol. 2, National University of Singapore (2003) 278-283.

3 Sciurpi, F.; Carletti, C.; Cellai, G.; Pierangioli, L., 'Environmental monitoring and microclimatic control strategies in «La Specola» museum of Florence', Energy and Buildings 95 (2015) 190-201, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.10.061.

4 Ferdyn-Grygierek, J., 'Indoor environment quality in the museum building and its effect on heating and cooling demand', Energy and Buildings 85 (2014) 32-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.09.014.

5 Dias Pereira, L.; Gaspar, A. R.; Costa, J. J., 'Assessment of the indoor environmental conditions of a baroque library in Portugal' in CLIMAMED'17 - Mediterranean Congress of Climatization, Historical Buildings Retrofit in the Mediterranean Area (2017) 410-422.

6 Silva, H. E.; Henriques, F. M. A., 'Preventive conservation of historic buildings in temperate climates. The importance of a risk-based analysis on the decision-making process', Energy and Buildings 107 (2015) 26-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.07.067.

7 Camuffo, D.; Pagan, E., 'What is behind relative humidity? Why it is so a relevant variable in the conservation of Cultural Heritage?', in The Materials of Cultural Heritage in their Environment, ed. R. A. Lefèvre, Edipuglia, Bari (2006) 21-38.

8 Bratasz, .; Kozowski, R.; Camuffo, D.; Pagan, E., 'Impact of indoor heating on painted wood: monitoring the altarpiece in the church of Santa Maria Maddalena in Rocca Pietore, Italy', Studies in Conservation 52(3) (2007) 199-210, https://doi.org/10.1179/sic.2007.52.3.199.

9 Camuffo, D., Microclimate for Cultural Heritage - Conservation, Restoration, and Maintenance of Indoor and Outdoor Monuments, 2nd ed., Elsevier Science (2014).

10 Putt N.; Slade, S., Teamwork for Preventive Conservation, ICCROM, Rome (2004).

11 'Visitor Impact / Visitor management', documento, J. Paul Getty Trust, (2005), https://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/teaching/case/olita/resources/docs/Visitation.pdf (accessed 2018-6-19).

12 Lloyd, H.; Brimblecombe, P.; Lithgow, K., 'Economics of dust', Studies in Conservation 52(2) (2007) 135-146, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20619493.

13 Corgnati S. P.; Filippi, M., 'Assessment of thermo-hygrometric quality in museums: Method and in-field application to the "Duccio di Buoninsegna" exhibition at Santa Maria della Scala (Siena, Italy)', Journal of Cultural Heritage 11(3) (2010) 345-349, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2009.05.003.

14 D'Agostino, V.; D'Ambrosio Alfano, F. R.; Palella, B. I.; Riccio, G., 'The museum environment: A protocol for evaluation of microclimatic conditions', Energy and Buildings 95 (2015) 124-129, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.11.009.

15 La Gennusa, M.; Rizzo, G.; Scaccianoce, G.; Nicoletti, F., 'Control of indoor environments in heritage buildings: Experimental measurements in an old Italian museum and proposal of a methodology', Journal of Cultural Heritage 6(2) (2005) 147-155, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2005.03.001.

16 González, I. V.; Alonso, S. F. B.; Rodríguez, M. A.; González, J. O., 'Study of environmental conditions in the repositories of the National Archive of the Republic of Cuba', Conservar Património 24 (2016) 55-62, https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2015019.

17 Norma UNI 10829:1999 Beni di Interesse Storico e Artistico - Condizioni Ambientali di Conservazione - Misurazione ed Analisi, UNI, Milano (1999).

18 ASHRAE Handbook - HVAC Applications: Chapter 23 Museums, Galleries, Archives and Libraries, American Society o Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta (2015).

19 EN 15757:2010 Conservation of Cultural Property - Specifications for Temperature and Relative Humidity to Limit Climate-induced Mechanical Damage in Organic Hygroscopic Materials, BSI Standards Publication (2010).

20 Corgnati, S. P.; Fabi, V.; Filippi, M., 'A methodology for microclimatic quality evaluation in museums: Application to a temporary exhibit', Building and Environment 44 (6) (2009) 1253-1260, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2008.09.012.

21 Pires, C.; Pereira, G., 'O Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra: Valorização de um património científico secular', in Coleções Científicas Luso-Brasileiras: Património a ser Descoberto, ed. M. Granato & M. C. Lourenço, MAST/MCT, Rio de Janeiro (2010) 185-210.

22 Dias Pereira, L. ; Gaspar, A. R.; Costa, J. J.; Pereira, G., 'Assessment of the hygrothermal air conditions of the science Museum of the University of Coimbra' in Intangibility Matters. International Conference on the Values of Tangible Heritage. IMaTTe 2017, Proceedings, ed. M. Menezes, D. R. Costa & J. D. Rodrigues, LNEC, Lisbon (2017) 397-406.

23 Carreira, I. (ed.), Gabinete de História Natural: Revivências, Museu Zoológico - FCTUC, Coimbra (2000).

24 Schito, E.; Testi, D; Grassi, W., 'A proposal for new microclimate indexes for the evaluation of indoor air quality in museums', Buildings 6 (41) (2016), https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings6040041.

25 Martens, M. H. J.; Schijndel, A. W. M. van; Schellen, H. L., 'Evaluation of indoor climates using the Climate Evaluation Chart', in Proceedings of the 27th AIVC Conference, 20-22 November 2006, Lyon (2006) 523-528.

26 'Tinytag View 2 | TV-4501' in Tinytag, http://www.geminidataloggers.com/data-loggers/tinytag-view-2/tv-4501 (accessed 2017-3-27).

27 'Decreto 10 maggio 2001 - Atto di indirizzo sui criteri tecnico-scientifici e sugli standard di funzionamento e sviluppo dei musei (Art. 150, comma 6, del D.Les. n. 112 del 1998)', Gazzetta Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana 244 (S238) (2001).

28 'Temperature and humidity in museums', in Museums Galleries Scotland, https://www.museumsgalleriesscotland.org.uk/advice/collections/temperature-and-humidity-in-museums/ (accessed 2017-9-25).

29 EN ISO 7730: 2005 Ergonomics of the Thermal Environment. Analytical Determination and Interpretation of Thermal Comfort Using Calculation of the PMV and PPD Indices and Local Thermal Comfort Criteria, International Standardisation Organisation, Geneve (2005).

30 ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55 - Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy - 201', American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta (2017).

31 EN 15251:2007 Indoor Environmental Input Parameters for Design and Assessment of Energy Performance of Buildings Addressing Indoor Air Quality, Thermal Environment, Lighting and Acoustics', European Committee for Standardization, Brussels (2007).

32 Richman, R.; Pressnail, K. D.; O'Malley, L.; Liebenow, N., 'The reduced gradient approach (RGA): An alternate method to optimizing humidity conditions in house museums in cold climates', International Journal of Architectural Heritage 5(1) (2011) 48-59, https://doi.org/10.1080/15583050903131363.

33 Zivkovi,V.; Dziki, V., 'Return to basics - Environmental management for museum collections and historic houses', Energy and Buildings 95 (2015) 116-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.11.023.

34 Camuffo, D., 'Il clima storico per la conservazione dei beni culturali: materiali organici e variazioni microclimatiche', Unificazione & Certificazione 9 (2014) 11-12.

35 Eibl, M.; Burmester, A., 'Learning from history. Historic indoor climate conditions and climate control strategies', in Climate for Collections. Standards and uncertainties, Munich Climate Conference (2012) 217-232.

36 Silva, H. E.; Henriques, F. M. A.; Henriques, T. A. S.; Coelho, G., 'A sequential rocess to assess and optimize the indoor climate in museums', Building and Environment 104 (2016) 21-34, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.04.023.

37 Ferreira, C.; Freitas, V. P.; Ramos, N. M. M. R. 'Quantifying the influence of hygroscopic materials in the fluctuation of relative humidity in museums housed in old buildings', in Proceedings of NSB 2014 - 10th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics (2014) 600-607.

38 'Compilação técnica da intervenção na Faculdade de Belas Artes da Universidade do Porto. Prestação de serviços de fiscalização e coordenação de diversas empreitadas em edifícios da Universidade do Porto, no âmbito da eficiência energética', report, CINCLUS - Planeamento e Gestão de Projectos S.A., Lisboa (2010).

39 Ferreira, C. S. F. M., 'Inércia higroscópica em museus instalados em edifícios antigos - Utilização de técnicas passivas no controlo da humidade relativa interior', PhD thesis, FEUP, Porto (2015).

40 Kalamees, T.; Väli, A.; Kurik, L.; Napp, M.; Arümagi, E.; Kallavus, U., 'The influence of indoor climate control on risk for damages in naturally ventilated historic churches in cold climate', International Journal of Architectural Heritage 10(4) (2016) 486-498, https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2014.1003623.

41 Camuffo D.; Bertolin, C., 'Towards standardisation of moisture content measurement in cultural heritage materials', e-Preservation Science 9 (2012) 23-35.

42 Lucchi, E., 'Simplified assessment method for environmental and energy quality in museum buildings', Energy and Buildings 117 (2016) 216-229, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.02.037.

43 Ferdyn-Grygierek J.; Baranowski, A., 'Internal environment in the museum building - Assessment and improvement of air exchange and its impact on energy demand for heating', Energy and Buildings 92 (2015) 45-54, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.01.033.

44 Mueller, H. F. O., 'Energy efficient museum buildings', Renewable Energy 49 (2013) 232-236, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2012.01.025.

45 Hartman, V.; Kirac, M.; Zanki, V.; Grozdek, M.; Poletto, D.; Ronchini, C., Energy Efficiency and Energy Management in Cultural Heritage. Case Studies Guidebook, UNESCO Regional Bureau for Science and Culture in Europe, Venice (Italy) and United Nations Development Programme in Croatia, Zagreb (2013).

46 Celenza, L.; Dell'Isola, M.; Ficco, G.; Palella, B. I.; Riccio, G., 'Heat accounting in historical buildings', Energy and Buildings 95 (2015) 47-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.10.070.

47 BS EN 16883:2017 Conservation of Cultural Heritage - Guidelines for Improving the Eenergy Performance of Historic Buildings, British Standards Institution, London (2017).

48 Timusk, J., Moisture-induced Problems in NHA Housing, Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Ottawa (1987).

49 Ferreira, C.; Freitas, V. P.; Ramos, N. M. M., 'Quantificação da influência de materiais higroscópicos na flutuação da humidade relativa em museus instalados em edifícios antigos', Pedra e Cal 58 (2015) 22-25.

Stable url: https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2018005


< Previous Next >
ARP | Associação Profissional de Conservadores-Restauradores de Portugal