Versão em português
N.º 28
2018
pp. 31-38

 

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Marmorite - contribution to a proper preservation of a durable wall coating

Cláudia Martinho1,*, Rosário Veiga2 , Paulina Faria1 

1 Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal

2 Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC), Lisboa, Portugal

* cm.martinho@campus.fct.unl.pt

Abstract

The need to preserve the built heritage with cultural, social and historical value has been rising for the past years. For that purpose it is necessary to acquire knowledge on the old techniques. Marmorite is a very durable wall covering that does not require painting or much other maintenance, particularly used in Portugal during the so-called Estado Novo period. It is a finishing render composed by lime or cement, stone dust, stone or glass aggregates and, sometimes, pigments. A few hours after its application, the surface is washed, revealing the aggregates. The aim of this study was to gather information which may contribute to the correct preservation of this render. Through the material and building technology analysis in previous studies, oral testimony and case studies, it was possible to conclude that there is much variability on this type of coating, as well as a diversity of styles in each region.

Keywords

Wall coating
Material characterization
Construction technology
Repair
Conservation of Built Heritage

Language

Portuguese

Original title

Marmorite - contributo para a correta conservação deste durável revestimento de paredes

DOI

10.14568/cp2017026

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Citation

Conservar Património | APA | Chicago | NP405 | ABNT

Conservar Património:
Martinho, C.; Veiga, R.; Faria, P., 'Marmorite - contributo para a correta conservação deste durável revestimento de paredes', Conservar Património 28 (2018) 31-38, https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017026.

APA:
Martinho, C., Veiga, R., & Faria, P. (2018). Marmorite - contributo para a correta conservação deste durável revestimento de paredes. Conservar Património, 28 31-38. DOI:10.14568/cp2017026.

Chicago:
Martinho, Cláudia, Rosário Veiga, and Paulina Faria. 2018. "Marmorite - contributo para a correta conservação deste durável revestimento de paredes." Conservar Património 28:31-38. doi:10.14568/cp2017026.

NP405:
MARTINHO, Cláudia [et al.] – Marmorite - contributo para a correta conservação deste durável revestimento de paredes. Conservar Património. [Em linha]. 28 (2018) 31-38 [Consult. ]. Disponível em WWW: <URL:https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017026>. ISSN 21829942.

ABNT:
MARTINHO, Cláudia; VEIGA, Rosário; FARIA, Paulina. Marmorite - contributo para a correta conservação deste durável revestimento de paredes. Conservar Património, Lisboa, v. 28, p. 31-38, 2018. Disponível em: <https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017026>. Acesso em: .

History

Received: 2017-3-31
Revised: 2017-5-10
Accepted: 2017-12-19
Online: 2018-1-14

References

1 Govaerts, Y.; Verdonck, A.; Meulebroeck, W.; De Bouw, M., 'Development of artificial stone imitations at the turn of the 20th century through patent analysis in a Belgian context', in Proceedings of the Fifth International Construction History Congress, ed. B. Bowen, D. Friedman, T. Leslie & J. Ochsendorf, vol. 2, The Construction History Society of America, Chicago (2015) 229-236, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279755275.

2 Dekeyser, L.; Verdonck, A.; De Clercq, H., 'Belgian craftsmanship in the interwar period: formulas and application techniques of decorative cement-based wall finishes', International Journal of Architectural Heritage 11(5) (2017) 621-635, https://doi.org/10.1080/15583058.2015.1017780.

3 Dekeyser, L.; Verdonck, A; De Clercq, H., 'Cimorné plaster: a colourful and luminous cladding', in Colour and Light in Architecture, ed. P. Zennaro, Knemesi, Verona (2010) 395-400.

4 Dekeyser, L.; Verdonck, A.; De Clercq, H., 'Cimorné cement render with opalescent glass granules: a decorative façade finish developed by innovative craftsmanship in the interwar period', Journal of Architectural Conservation 19(2) (2013) 86-102, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13556207.2013.819621.

5 Veiga, R.; Tavares, M; Magalhães, A. C., 'Restauro da fachada em marmorite de cal do Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, em Lisboa. Materiais, métodos e resultados', comunicação, VII Seminário Brasileiro de Tecnologia de Argamassas, Recife (2007).

6 Alves, R. M. C., 'Argamassas no Arquipélago da Madeira. Caracterização da "Brita Lavada"', dissertação de mestrado, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa (2016), http://hdl.handle.net/10362/18379.

7 Tavares, M. L.; Veiga, M. D. R.; Fragata A.; Aguiar, J., 'Consolidation of renderings simulating stone in the façade of LNEC's building', in Stone Consolidation in Cultural Heritage. Research and Practice, ed. J. D. Rodrigues & J. M. Mimoso, LNEC, Lisboa (2008) 121-129.

8 Kapferer, C. A., 'Procédé d'amélioration de la permeabilité de l'air des enduits secs', patent n.º 238476, Belgian General State Archives Brussels (1911). Citado por [1].

9 Dekeyser, L.; Wouters, H. J. M.; Ligovich, G.; Verdonck, A.; De Clercq, H., 'Composition of 'Marbrite Fauquez' 20th-century opalescent glass: results of historical study and laboratory analyses', in Integrated Approaches to the Study of Historical Glass - IAS12, ed. H. Thienpont, W. Meulebroeck, K. Nys & D. Vanclooster, SPIE, Washington (2012) 84220F, https://doi.org/10.1117/12.975233.

10 Silva, A. S., 'Caracterização da marmorite da fachada do edifício principal do LNEC - Edifício Arantes e Oliveira', nota técnica, LNEC, Lisboa (2006).

11 Faria, P., 'Argamassas sustentáveis', comunicação, II Conferência de Construção e Reabilitação Sustentável de Edifícios no Espaço Lusófono, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Lisboa (2012), http://hdl.handle.net/10362/9494.

12 Geldof, G. P.; Willemsen, P. W. A.; Schleicher, H. G., Stukadoren, Stam, Culemborg (1969). Citado por [2].

Stable url: https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017026


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