Versão em português
N.º 28
2018
pp. 11-22

 

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Article
Earth construction: traditional building techniques of Bhutan

João M. Guedes1,, Tiago Ilharco1, Alexandre A. Costa1 , Bruno Quelhas1, Valter Lopes1, Joana Vasconcelos2, Gabriela Vasconcelos2

1 NCREP – Consultoria em Reabilitação do Edificado e Património, Lda, Praça Coronel Pacheco, 2, 4050-453 Porto, Portugal

2 Atelier in vitro, Praça General Humberto Delgado 267, 5º piso, Sala 9, 4000-288 Porto, Portugal

* jguedes@fe.up.pt

Abstract

NCREP – Consultancy in Rehabilitation of Built Heritage Ltd., surveyed the constructive features of Bhutan's vernacular rammed earth built heritage, as part of a project financed by the World Bank and commissioned by the Division for the Conservation of Heritage Sites (DCHS) of the Department of Culture - Ministry of Home and Cultural Affairs of Bhutan. This work, which aimed at better understanding the structural behaviour of this heritage and, based on this information, proposing measures to mitigate its seismic risk, included the study of 18 traditional rammed earth buildings in two villages in the Punakha district. The surveys were conducted house-to-house, based on a DCHS script, and included surveys of artisans responsible for building these constructive typologies, supported by a questionnaire integrated within the project, to collect information on the procedures, rites and practices followed in these constructions. This article focuses only on the first part of the work; it presents the main constructive characteristics assessed from the survey carried out on this built heritage and compiles the results of the surveys of the artisans.

Keywords

Bhutan
Rammed earth
Construction processes
Traditional techniques

Language

Portuguese

Original title

A construção de terra: técnicas tradicionais construtivas do Butão

DOI

10.14568/cp2017024

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Citation

Conservar Património | APA | Chicago | NP405 | ABNT

Conservar Património:
Guedes, J. M.; Ilharco, T.; Costa, A. A.; Quelhas, B.; Lopes, V.; Vasconcelos, J.; Vasconcelos, G., 'A construção de terra: técnicas tradicionais construtivas do Butão', Conservar Património 28 (2018) 11-22, https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017024.

APA:
Guedes, J. M., Ilharco, T., Costa, A. A., Quelhas, B., Lopes, V., Vasconcelos, J., & Vasconcelos, G. (2018). A construção de terra: técnicas tradicionais construtivas do Butão. Conservar Património, 28 11-22. DOI:10.14568/cp2017024.

Chicago:
Guedes, João M., Tiago Ilharco, Alexandre A. Costa, Bruno Quelhas, Valter Lopes, Joana Vasconcelos, and Gabriela Vasconcelos. 2018. "A construção de terra: técnicas tradicionais construtivas do Butão." Conservar Património 28:11-22. doi:10.14568/cp2017024.

NP405:
GUEDES, João M. [et al.] – A construção de terra: técnicas tradicionais construtivas do Butão. Conservar Património. [Em linha]. 28 (2018) 11-22 [Consult. ]. Disponível em WWW: <URL:https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017024>. ISSN 21829942.

ABNT:
GUEDES, João M. et al. A construção de terra: técnicas tradicionais construtivas do Butão. Conservar Património, Lisboa, v. 28, p. 11-22, 2018. Disponível em: <https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017024>. Acesso em: .

History

Received: 2017-5-1
Revised: 2017-12-27
Accepted: 2018-1-3
Online: 2018-1-18
Publication: 2018-5-19

References

1 Ilharco, T.; Vasconcelos, J. L.; Costa, A. A.; Dorji, C.; Vasconcelos, G.; Paiva, L., 'Study of typology of Bhutanese rammed earth buildings. Pathari, Kabesa and Tana, Zome', relatório técnico, Divisão para a Conservação dos Sítios Patrimoniais do Departamento da Cultura do Ministério da Administração Interna e da Cultura do Butão, Butão (2015).

2 'Survey form/investigation sheet developed by the DCHS of the Department of Culture - Ministry of Home and Cultural Affair of Bhutan regarding the main characteristics of the buildings, documento técnico, Divisão para a Conservação dos Sítios Patrimoniais do Departamento da Cultura do Ministério da Administração Interna e da Cultura do Butão, Butão (2014).

3 Ilharco, T.; Costa, A. A.; Guedes, J.; Silva, B.; Lopes, V.; Vasconcelos, J. L.; Vasconcelos, G., 'Assessment of the seismic vulnerability of traditional Bhutanese buildings', in Brick and Block Masonry, ed. C. Modena, F. da Porto & M. R. Valluzzi, CRC Press/Balkema, Leiden (2016) 835-842, https://doi.org/10.1201/b21889-113.

4 Costa, A.; Guedes, J.; Varum, H. (ed.), Structural Rehabilitation of Old Buildings, Springer, Berlin (2014), https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39686-1.

Stable url: https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2017024


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