Versão em português
N.º 13-14
2011
pp. 59-68

 

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Intervention
Study and treatment of the painting "Gauguin (o casamento)", by Álvaro Lapa: cleaning problems found in contemporary paintings

Ana Fryxell1,*, Isabel Ribeiro2, Ana Margarida Cardoso2, Ana Mesquita e Carmo2, António Candeias2

1 Departamento de Conservação e Restauro do Instituto dos Museus e da Conservação (IMC-DCR)

2 Laboratório de Conservação e Restauro José de Figueiredo do Instituto dos Museus e da Conservação (IMC-LCR)

* afryxell@gmail.com

Abstract

This article presents the cleaning treatment carried out on a contemporary painting by Álvaro Lapa (1939-2006), a Portuguese artist, which belongs to the private loan collection of the National Museum of Contemporary Art – Chiado Museum. In this work, Gauguin (the wedding), dated from 1966, 1981 and 1995, the artist used synthetic paints of different nature. The chromatic layer presented a brownish layer, especially visible in the white colour areas, due to dirt accumulation. In the black areas small matt whitish spots were observed, which seem to started merging, giving form to a whitish film – a phenomenon commonly associated with the migration of surfactants. The diagnosis of the painting condition as well the technical and material study were performed. Interviews with the owner of the work and with the artist`s sons were conducted, in order to understand their opinion about the current painting`s appearance. In the end, the painting was subjected to an aqueous cleaning treatment, using an aqueous solution of tri-ammonium citrate.

Keywords

Conservation
Contemporary paintings
Cleaning
Acrylic paintings
Surfactant migration

Language

Portuguese

Original title

Estudo e tratamento da obra "Gauguin (o casamento)" de Álvaro Lapa: a problemática da limpeza em pinturas contemporâneas

DOI

10.14568/cp13-14_5

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Citation

Conservar Património | APA | Chicago | NP405 | ABNT

Conservar Património:
Fryxell, A.; Ribeiro, I.; Cardoso, A. M.; Carmo, A. M.; Candeias, A., 'Estudo e tratamento da obra "Gauguin (o casamento)" de Álvaro Lapa: a problemática da limpeza em pinturas contemporâneas', Conservar Património 13-14 (2011) 59-68, https://doi.org/10.14568/cp13-14_5.

APA:
Fryxell, A., Ribeiro, I., Cardoso, A. M., Carmo, A. M., & Candeias, A. (2011). Estudo e tratamento da obra "Gauguin (o casamento)" de Álvaro Lapa: a problemática da limpeza em pinturas contemporâneas. Conservar Património, 13-14 59-68. DOI:10.14568/cp13-14_5.

Chicago:
Fryxell, Ana, Isabel Ribeiro, Ana Margarida Cardoso, Ana Mesquita e Carmo, and António Candeias. 2011. "Estudo e tratamento da obra "Gauguin (o casamento)" de Álvaro Lapa: a problemática da limpeza em pinturas contemporâneas." Conservar Património 13-14:59-68. doi:10.14568/cp13-14_5.

NP405:
FRYXELL, Ana [et al.] – Estudo e tratamento da obra "Gauguin (o casamento)" de Álvaro Lapa: a problemática da limpeza em pinturas contemporâneas. Conservar Património. ISSN 1646043X. 13-14 (2011) 59-68.

ABNT:
FRYXELL, Ana et al. Estudo e tratamento da obra "Gauguin (o casamento)" de Álvaro Lapa: a problemática da limpeza em pinturas contemporâneas. Conservar Património, Lisboa, v. 13-14, p. 59-68, 2011. Disponível em: <https://doi.org/10.14568/cp13-14_5>. Acesso em: .

History

Received: 2011-11-22
Revised: 2012-02-02
Accepted: 2012-02-06Online: 2017-10-3
Publication: 2012-3-29

References

1 Centro de Arte Moderna - Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, http://www.cam.gulbenkian.pt/index.php?article=60127&visual= 2&langId=1 (acesso em 3-2-2012).

2 Martins, A.; Saraiva, S., 'Tintas sintéticas em obras contemporâneas da colecção do Museu da FBAUP: uma análise química', @pha.Boletim 5 (2007).

3 Phenix, B. O.; Alan, 'Cleaning acrylic emulsion paintings', Conservation Perspectives - The GCI Newsletter 24(2) (2009) 13-15.

4 Jablonski, E.; Learner, T.; Hayes, J.; Golden, M., Conservation concerns for acrylic emulsion paints, http://www.tate.org.uk/research/tateresearch/tatepapers/04autumn/jablonski.htm (acesso em 21-10-2009).

5 Jablonski, E.; Golden, M.; Hayes, J., 'Conservation of acrylic paintings', Just Paint 9 (2001) 1-11.

6 Learner, T.; Chiantore, O.; Scalarone, D., 'Ageing studies of acrylic emulsion paints', in ICOM Committee for Conservation 13th Triennial Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, ed. R. Vontobel, James & James, London (2002) 911-919.

7 Ormsby, B.; Hoogland, F.; Smithen, P.; Miliani, C.; Learner, T., 'A scientific evaluation of surface cleaning acrylic emulsion paintings', in ICOM Committee for Conservation. 15th Triennial Meeting, New Delhi, 22-26 September 2008. Preprints, Allied Publishers, New Delhi (2008) 865-873.

8 Lapa, A.; Álvaro Lapa Retrospectiva, Fundação Serralves Centro de Arte Moderna, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian. Centro de Arte Azevedo de Perdigão, Lisboa (1994).

9 Artistas Unidos, Álvaro Lapa, http://www.artistasunidos.pt/component/content/article/42-artistas-plasticos/408-alvaro-lapa (acesso em 15-6-2009).

10 Almeida, B. P., Os novos primitivos, os grandes plásticos, Editora Árvore, Porto (1984).

11 Acciaiuoli, M., Catálogo EMI Galeria Valentim de Carvalho, Lisboa (1984).

12 Santos, A. F., entrevista a Hugo Lapa e Sofia Lapa, Departamento de Conservação-Restauro do Instituto dos Museus e da Conservação, Lisboa (29-6-2009).

13 Croll, S., 'Overview of Developments in the paint industry since 1930', in Modern Paints Uncovered, ed. T. J. S. Learner, P. Smithen, J. W. Krueger, M. R. Schilling, The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles (2007) 17-29.

14 Learner, T.; Ormsby, B., 'Cleaning Acrylic Emulsion Paints', in Art d'aujourd'hui - Patrimoine de demain. Conservation et restauration des oeuvres contemporaines, SFIIC, Paris (2009) 193-199.

15 Tate, Tate axa art modern paints project, http://www.tate.org.uk/research/tateresearch/majorprojects/pdf/TAAMPP_Research_Sum mary.pdf (acesso em 18-9-2009).

16 Ormsby, B.; Kampasakali, E.; Learner, T., 'Surfactants and acrylic emulsion paints: evaluating changes induced by wet surface cleaning treatments', in Cleaning 2010 - New insights into the cleaning of paintings, ed. A. E. Charola, M. Mecklenburg, M. T. Domenech-Carbó, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia (2010) 37-38.

Stable url: https://doi.org/10.14568/cp13-14_5


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